A thunderstorm could be defined as a storm with thunder and lightning. Thunder can be quite frightening since it roars very loudly. Thunder and lightning mainly occur during the warmer months where there is air instability and there are cumulonimbus cloud formations. They occur when a warm air pocket at the ground level rises to collide with the cooler air above it. Lightning is a fast and strong electricity discharge from a storm to the ground usually originating from clouds. There are a lot of myths accompanying lightning, for example; that the tallest buildings are always struck by lightning. Another myth is that it doesn’t strike the same place twice. Neither of them is true.
Dangers of Thunder and Lightning
When hitting the floor, a single lightning bolt normally carries around 25,000 amps of electrical current. This is around two thousand three hundred times more electrical current than what can be used in a washing machine. Individuals prone to strikes are those who spend most of their time outside in unsheltered areas, such as; golfers, farm employees, or hikers. While nearly all lightning strikes take place and keep bound within a storm cloud, about twenty percent of lightning makes contact with the ground. One should not only worry about an immediate hit, but a hit beside an individual is also worrying since it can be harmful. Whenever lightning strikes there is a large quantity of electricity in the surrounding atmosphere.
How to Safeguard Yourself from a Thunderstorm
The first strategy in protecting yourself is to be ready. Doing some research before going outside is the best way to prevent being trapped in a storm. Check the weather in your town or planned destination by means of a weather program or a newspaper. Before a storm, one needs to unplug all the electrical appliances such as televisions since lightning sometimes causes power surges. When there’s a thundering roar, you’re normally in range of a lightning strike. Even at ten miles distance from a storm’s center, lightning can strike.
What to Do When Staying Inside during a Thunderstorm Additionally, the blinds and drapes of windows and doors should be kept closed. Close them prevents shattered glass from flying around or blowing in. During a lightning strike, metal pipes conduct lightning. Additional during thunderstorms don’t use cell phones or corded electronics such as computers or phones. Electrical wires are good conductors of lightning.
What to Do if Outdoor during a Thunderstorm
If you’re outdoors, start looking for shelter when possible. However, if there’s absolutely no shelter near you, try to maintain all electrical and metal devices at least twenty five centimeters away from your body. If you’re exposed to bare ground, squat near the ground with your head tucked between your knees and place your palms on your knees. Don’t lie on the ground and try not to touch the floor as far as possible. Remember to keep a safe distance away from water and sticks and locate a place of open ground that’s low lying. Avoid contact with water because water conducts electricity and lightning strikes that hit water that’s far away can be dangerous to you if your body is connected with the identical body of water. Low-lying regions are safer as light mainly strikes high objects. What’s more, while sheltering in a tent, one should steer clear of metal poles because metal objects attract and conduct lightning. A very safe place to be is in a car, if possible, because lightning is going to be transmitted all over the metal parts of a vehicle and run to the ground via the tires.
Following the storm, broken cables or power lines should be avoided. If a person has been struck by light they generally experience severe burns. Also, the strike affects the heart. Consequently, the pulse of the sufferer must be checked. As soon as a man or woman is struck by lightning, call an emergency number on your country because help is needed as soon as possible. Before approaching the victim make sure there is no risk of you being struck by the lightning or residual power.
Where to Find Safe Places during a Thunderstorm
In a thunderstorm, it’s more likely that most elevated, pointy objects standing in an open floor are highly likely to get struck but this is not a certainty. Sometimes even an open ground near a tree could be struck. Hence, the safest areas for shelter during a thunderstorm include;
A car or any enclosed metal device is the safest place since the electrical current travels through the metal and is earthed on the floor.
A ditch or a trench can be helpful since these are usually beneath the ground and it’s difficult for the lightning to strike them first.
It’s always important to plan, even if there are non-lightning related storm threats. The key is to do it ahead of time when adjusting your daily routines when you hear of possibly frightening weather forecasts. To aid in lessening the risk, these plans can be put into practice:
Practical measures like trimming overhanging branches or removing clutter from downpipes and gutters are some basic tasks which may be performed to reduce anyone at home from injury during stormy conditions. Storm-proofing can make a substantial difference between a catastrophe waiting to happen or peace and security.
Driving during a storm could be harmful. However, if you’re caught in a storm while driving, head to get a strong roof area, such as a garage. If there isn’t any available shelter, pull to the side of the road and cover your face with clothing for protection against broken glass.
The final, and essential thing to do, is to make sure all loose items that could blow away are secured before a storm strikes.
A thunderstorm is a combination of both the lightning and the thunder. People should always ahead before a storm occurs to avoid being trapped in one. However, if a storm is suddenly upon you, you should search for safe places like in uniform shrubs, within a vehicle or in a trench. While inside, you should avoid using electric appliances and specially coded ones as these all run electricity. When outdoors, look for flat, bare floor and squat. Avoid water surfaces since they transmit electrical currents from a far distance.